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    【干貨】熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照(趕緊收藏)

    時間:2019-05-06 17:38:03 來源:遠拓機電

    目前我國的金屬熱處理行業處于發展階段,為了更好的提高金屬熱處理設備技術工藝,不斷的學習新技術、新工藝,但是國外先進的熱處理行業技術工藝我們不一定看的懂。為了促進國內熱處理行業的發展,遠拓機電廠為您整理的熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照,希望能夠幫到您。
     
    奧氏體austenite
     
    奧氏體本質晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
     
    奧氏體化austenitization, austenitii zing
     
    B
     
    白口鑄鐵white cast iron
     
    白銅white brass, copper-nickel alloy
     
    板條馬氏體lath martensite
     
    棒材bar
     
    包晶反應peritectic reaction
     
    薄板thin sheet
     
    薄膜技術thin film technique
     
    貝氏體bainite
     
    本質晶粒度inherent grain size
     
    比強度strength-to-weight ratic
     
    變質處理inoculation, modification
     
    變質劑modifying agent,modificator
     
    表面處理surface treatment
     
    表面粗糙度surface roughness
     
    表面淬火surface quenching
     
    表面腐蝕surface corrosion
     
    表面硬化surface hardening
     
    玻璃glass
     
    玻璃態vitreous state, glass state
     
    玻璃鋼glass fiber reinforced plastics
     
    玻璃纖維glass fiber
     
    不可熱處理的non-heat-treatable
     
    不銹鋼stainless steel
     
    布氏硬度Brinell hardness
     
    C
     
    材料強度strength ofmaterial
     
    殘余奧氏體residual austenite
     
    殘余變形residual deformation
     
    殘余應力residual stress
     
    層狀珠光體lamellar pearlite
     
    超導金屬superconducting metal
     
    成核nucleate, nucleation
     
    成形forming, shaping
     
    成長growth, growing
     
    磁材料magnetic materials
     
    沖擊韌性impact toughness
     
    純鐵pure iron
     
    粗晶粒coarse grain
     
    脆性brittleness
     
    脆性斷裂brittle fracture
     
    淬火quenching, quench
     
    淬透性hardenability
     
    淬硬性hardenability
     
    D
     
    帶材baud, strip
     
    單晶single crystal, unit crystal
     
    單體monomer, element
     
    氮化層nitration case
     
    氮化物nitride
     
    刀具cutting tool
     
    導磁性magnetic conductivity
     
    導電性electric conductivity
     
    導熱性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
     
    導體conductor
     
    等離子堆焊plasma surfacing
     
    等離子弧噴涂plasma spraying
     
    等離子增強化學氣相沉積Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
     
    等溫轉變曲線isothermal transformation curve
     
    低合金鋼low alloy steel
     
    低碳鋼low carbon steel
     
    低碳馬氏體low carbon?martensite
     
    低溫回火low tempering
     
    點陣常數grating constant, lattice constant
     
    電鍍electroplating, galvanize
     
    電弧噴涂electric arc spraying
     
    電子顯微鏡electron microscope
     
    定向結晶directional solidification S
     
    端淬試驗end quenching test
     
    斷口分析fracture analysis
     
    斷裂強度breaking strength, fracture strength
     
    斷裂韌性fracture toughness
     
    斷面收縮率contraction of cross sectional area,
     
    鍛造forge, forging, smithing
     
    多晶體polycrystal
     
    E
     
    二次硬化secondaryhardening
     
    二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
     
    F
     
    防銹的rust-proot, rust resistant
     
    非金屬non-metal, nonmetal
     
    非晶態amorphous stats
     
    分子鍵molecular bond
     
    分子結構molecular structure
     
    分子量molecular weight
     
    酚醛樹脂bakelite, phenolic resin
     
    粉末治金powder metallurgy
     
    粉末復合材料particulate composite
     
    腐蝕corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
     
    腐蝕劑corrodent, corrosive, etchant
     
    復合材料composite material
     
    G
     
    感應淬火inductionquenching
     
    剛度rigidity, stiffness
     
    鋼steel
     
    鋼板steel plate
     
    鋼棒steel bar
     
    鋼錠steel ingot
     
    鋼管steel tube, steel pipe
     
    鋼絲steel wire
     
    鋼球steel ball
     
    杠桿定理lever rule, lever principle
     
    高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
     
    高合金鋼high alloy steel
     
    高錳鋼high manganess steel
     
    高頻淬火high frequency quenching
     
    高速鋼high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
     
    高碳鋼high-carbon steel
     
    高碳馬氏體high carbon martensite
     
    高彈態elastomer
     
    高溫回火high tempering
     
    各向同性isotropy
     
    各向異性anisotropy, anisotropism
     
    工程材料engineering material
     
    工具鋼tool steel
     
    工業純鐵industrial pure iron
     
    工藝technology
     
    共價鍵covalent bond
     
    共晶體eutectic
     
    共晶反應eutectic reaction
     
    共析體eutectoid
     
    共析鋼eatectoid steel
     
    功能材料functional materials
     
    固溶處理solid solution treatment
     
    固溶強化solution strengthening
     
    固溶體solid solution
     
    固相solid phase
     
    光亮熱處理bright heat treatment
     
    滾珠軸承鋼ball bearing steel
     
    過飽和固溶體supersaturated solid solution
     
    過共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
     
    過共析鋼hypereutectoid steel
     
    過冷over-cooling, supercooling
     
    過冷奧氏體supercooled austenite
     
    過冷度degree of supercooling
     
    過熱overheat, superheat
     
    H
     
    焊接welding, weld
     
    航空材料aerial material
     
    合成纖維synthetic fiber
     
    合金鋼alloy steel
     
    合金化alloying
     
    合金結構鋼structural alloy steel
     
    黑色金屬ferrous metal
     
    紅硬性red hardness
     
    滑移slip, glide
     
    滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
     
    滑移面glide plane, slip plane
     
    滑移系slip system
     
    化合物compound
     
    化學氣相沉積chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
     
    化學熱處理chemical heat treatment
     
    J
     
    基體matrix
     
    機械混合物mechanical mixture
     
    機械性能mechanical property
     
    激光熱處理heat treatment with a laser beam
     
    激光laser
     
    激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
     
    激光表面硬化surface hardening by laser beam
     
    加工硬化work hardening
     
    加熱heating
     
    膠粘劑adhesive
     
    結構材料structural material
     
    結晶crystallize, crystallization
     
    結晶度crystallinity
     
    金屬材料metal material
     
    金屬化合物metallic compound
     
    金屬鍵metallic bond
     
    金屬組織metal structure
     
    金屬結構metallic framework
     
    金屬塑料復合材料plastimets
     
    金屬塑性加工metal plastic?working
     
    金屬陶瓷metal ceramic
     
    金相顯微鏡metallographic microscope, metalloscope
     
    金相照片metallograph
     
    晶胞cell
     
    晶格crystal lattice
     
    晶格常數lattice constant
     
    晶格空位lattice vacancy
     
    晶粒crystal grain
     
    晶粒度grain size
     
    晶粒細化grain refining
     
    晶體結構crystal structure
     
    聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
     
    聚合度degree of polymerization
     
    聚合反應polymerization
     
    絕熱材料heat-insulating material
     
    絕緣材料insulating material
     
    K
     
    抗拉強度tensile strength
     
    抗壓強度compression strength
     
    顆粒復合材料particle composite
     
    擴散diffusion, diffuse
     
    L
     
    老化aging
     
    萊氏體ledeburite
     
    冷變形cold deformation
     
    冷加工cold work, cold working
     
    冷卻cool, cooling
     
    冷作硬化cold hardening
     
    離子ion
     
    粒狀珠光體granular pearlite
     
    連續轉變曲線continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
     
    孿晶twin crystal
     
    孿生twinning, twin
     
    螺旋位錯helical dislocation
     
    洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
     
    M
     
    馬氏體martensite (M)
     
    密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
     
    面心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
     
    摩擦friction
     
    磨損wear, abrade, abrasion
     
    模具鋼die steel
     
    Mf 點martensite finishing point
     
    Ms點martensite starting point
     
    N
     
    納米材料nanostructuredmaterials
     
    耐磨鋼wear-resisting steel
     
    耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
     
    耐熱鋼heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
     
    內耗internal friction
     
    內應力internal stress
     
    尼龍nylon
     
    粘彈性viscoelasticity
     
    凝固solidify, solidification
     
    扭轉強度torsional strength
     
    扭轉疲勞強度torsional fatigue strength
     
    P
     
    泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
     
    配位數coordination number
     
    噴丸硬化shot-peening
     
    疲勞強度fatigue strength
     
    疲勞壽命fatigue life
     
    片狀馬氏體lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
     
    普通碳鋼ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
     
    Q
     
    氣體滲碳gas carburizing
     
    切變shear
     
    切削cut, cutting
     
    切應力shearing stress
     
    球化退火spheroidizing annealing
     
    球墨鑄鐵nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
     
    球狀珠光體globular pearlite
     
    屈服強度yielding strength, yield strength
     
    屈強比yielding-to-tensile ratio
     
    屈氏體troolstite (T)
     
    去應力退火relief annealing
     
    R
     
    熱處理heat treatment
     
    熱加工hot work, hot working
     
    熱噴涂thermal spraying
     
    熱固性thermosetting
     
    熱塑性hot plasticity
     
    熱硬性 thermohardening
     
    柔順性flexibility
     
    人工時效artificial ageing
     
    刃具cutting tool
     
    刃型位錯edge dislacation, blade dislocation
     
    韌性toughness
     
    溶質solute
     
    溶劑solvent
     
    蠕變creep
     
    蠕墨鑄鐵quasiflake graphite cast iron
     
    軟氮化soft nitriding
     
    S
     
    掃描電鏡scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
     
    上貝氏體upper bainite
     
    滲氮nitriding
     
    滲硫sulfurizing
     
    滲碳carburizing, carburization
     
    滲碳體cementite (Cm)
     
    失效failure
     
    石墨graphite (G)
     
    時間-溫度轉變曲線time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
     
    時效硬化age-hardening
     
    實際晶粒度actual grain size
     
    使用壽命service life
     
    使用性能usability
     
    樹枝狀晶dendrite
     
    樹脂resin
     
    雙金屬bimetal, duplex metal
     
    水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
     
    松弛relax , relaxation
     
    塑料plastics
     
    塑性plasticity, ductility
     
    塑性變形plastic deformation
     
    索氏體sorbite (S)
     
    T
     
    彈簧鋼spring steel
     
    彈性elasticity, spring
     
    彈性變形elastic deformation
     
    彈性極限elastic limit
     
    彈性模量elastic modulus
     
    碳素鋼carbon steel
     
    碳含量carbon content
     
    碳化物carbide
     
    碳素工具鋼carbon tool steel
     
    陶瓷ceramic
     
    陶瓷材料ceramic material
     
    體心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
     
    體型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
     
    調質處理quenching and tempering
     
    調質鋼quenched and tempered steel
     
    鐵碳平衡圖iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
     
    透明(結晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
     
    同素異構轉變allotropic transformation
     
    涂層coat, coating
     
    退火anneal, annealing
     
    托氏體troostite (T)
     
    W
     
    彎曲bend, bending
     
    完全退火full annealing
     
    微觀組織microstructure
     
    維氏硬度Vickers hardness
     
    未經變質處理的uninoculated
     
    溫度temperature
     
    無定形的amorphous
     
    物理氣相沉積physical vapour deposition (PVD)
     
    X
     
    下貝氏體lower bainite
     
    線型聚合物linear polymer
     
    纖維fibre, fiber
     
    纖維增強復合材料filament reinforced composite
     
    顯微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
     
    顯微組織microscopic structure, microstructure
     
    橡膠rubber
     
    相phase
     
    相變phase transition
     
    相圖phase diagram
     
    消除應力退火stress relief annealing
     
    形狀記憶合金Shape memory alloys
     
    形變deformation
     
    性能performance, property
     
    X射線結構分析X-ray structural analysis
     
    Y
     
    壓力加工press work
     
    亞共晶鑄鐵hypoeutectic cast iron
     
    亞共析鋼hypoeutectoid steel
     
    氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
     
    延伸率elongation percentage
     
    鹽溶淬火salt both quenching
     
    液相liquid phase
     
    應變strain
     
    應力stress
     
    應力場強度因子stress intensity factror
     
    應力松弛relaxation of stress
     
    硬質合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
     
    油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
     
    有機玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
     
    有色金屬nonferrous metal
     
    勻晶uniform grain
     
    孕育處理inoculation, modification
     
    Z
     
    再結晶退火recrystallization annealing
     
    載荷load
     
    增強塑料reinforced plastics
     
    針狀馬氏體acicular martensite
     
    正火normalize, normalization
     
    致密度tightness
     
    支化型聚合物branched polymer
     
    智能材料intelligent materials
     
    中合金鋼medium alloy steel
     
    軸承鋼bearing steel
     
    軸承合金bearing alloy
     
    珠光體pearlite (P)
     
    柱狀晶體columnar crystal
     
    鑄造cast , foundry
     
    自然時效natural ageing
     
    自由能free energy
     
    組元component, constituent
     
    組織structure
     
    α鈦合金 αtitanium alloy

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